How to Recognize Cocaine Overdose Symptoms
Cocaine is a deadly drug that results in over 5,000 overdose deaths every year. Recognizing cocaine overdose symptoms may help you save the life of someone you love. White Sands Treatment Center in Fort Myers FL provides detox and rehab services for cocaine addiction.
Cocaine Overdose Symptoms
The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) states that cocaine overdose symptoms occur when the drug reaches a toxic level in the user’s system. There is no specific dosage that results in an overdose.
Users injecting cocaine face the greatest risk, followed by smoking and snorting the drug. According to University of Arizona studies, it appears some users can tolerate a larger dose (up to several grams) while others have overdosed on a few hundred milligrams. Cocaine overdose levels depend on the specific user’s susceptibility to the toxins. With no toxicity level to judge by, a first-time user can be displaying cocaine overdose symptoms and without help they may die.
Recognizing the Signs of Overdose
The physical damage caused by a cocaine overdose can be permanent. A user’s brain, heart, kidneys, muscular system, and circulatory system may incur damage that lasts a lifetime. Lifespans can be shortened by the physical events that happen during an overdose. An overdose also presents psychological and behavioral symptoms that can risk the safety of the user and others in his or her company. Physical signs of overdose may include the following:
- Abdominal pains and cramps
- Extreme agitation
- Breathing problems
- Chest pains
- High blood pressure
- Elevated body temperature
- Elevated heart rate
- Loss of consciousness
Without immediate emergency help, death will be the last sign of overdose. Psychological and behavioral signs of overdose include anxiety, paranoia, panic, delusions, hallucinations, and violent threats to others. If you see these symptoms of cocaine overdose, call 911 for help. The user is experiencing a physical and psychiatric emergency requiring medical attention.
The Symptoms of Cocaine Overdose Should Not Be Ignored
When you see the symptoms of cocaine overdose, call 911 immediately. The risk of a cocaine overdose is increased significantly if the user also drinks alcohol. Combining the two substances creates the chemical cocaethylene that can cause cardiac arrest, heart attacks, and sudden cardiac death. In the best of circumstances, combining alcohol and cocaine stresses the heart and the liver and can cause serious heart and liver disease over a period of time.
The body develops a tolerance to cocaine as it does with all addictive drugs, which creates a need in the user to take larger doses more frequently to get the effect he or she is looking for. When the body is unable to handle the amount of cocaine needed to get the desired effect, the symptoms of cocaine overdose are manifested.
Signs of Cocaine Addiction
The best way to avoid cocaine overdose symptoms is to recognize when a person is using cocaine and get them help. Snorting powdered cocaine is easiest for the addict to use when they are around other people. The user can simply excuse themselves and go into the bathroom. When he or she returns, however, their behavior and mood will have changed. After using cocaine, your friend will seem very confident, talkative, and energetic. Food will have lost its appeal, but his or her sexual appetite may have increased. You may notice the following signs that indicate cocaine addiction:
- Traces of white powder around the nostrils
- Dilated pupils
- Light sensitivity
- Frequently runny nose
- Fast pulse
- Poor judgment
- Aggressive behavior
Cocaine overdose symptoms are indicative of a medical emergency. If someone you love is using cocaine, get help for them before an accidental overdose occurs. You can depend on professional and compassionate help in the greater Fort Myers FL area from White Sands Treatment Center.
If you or a loved one needs help with abuse and/or treatment, please call the WhiteSands Treatment at (877) 855-3470. Our addiction specialists can assess your recovery needs and help you get the addiction treatment that provides the best chance for your long-term recovery.